Firewood Machinery

Riko UK is the sole importer for BALFOR (previously Ballario & Forestello) forestry and Firewood processing machinery. Riko UK probably have the largest choice of Log Splitters with models from 5 tons to 100 tons. There are vertical and horizontal Electric Log Splitters from 5 tons to 25 tons, Petrol Engine vertical or horizontal log splitters from 5 tons to 22 tons, some Log Splitters even come with there own axles or trailers for transporting on the road. There are Tractor Hydraulic or Tractor PTO driven log splitters from 5 ton to 100 tons. We can even build special Log Splitters to suit individual requirements.  Then there is a range of Saw Benches and Log Saws, Log Saw Conveyor combinations and Firewood Processors.  There is also a range of Band Saws.
 
Our range of Firewood Machinery is suitable for domestic and commercial use.
 
Loggings Saw Benches, with or without Conveyors, Band Saws, Firewood Processors and Chipper Shredders are also available.

Miss out the middle man, save time and money!

Burning GREEN or WET logs is POINTLESS, not only is it harder to light but energy is consumed turning the water into steam, so you get less heat and you will clog up the stove and chimney etc.  Coal, Oil and Gas are basically all formed as a result of vegetation such as Trees being compressed for millions of years under the Earth’s surface. So why wait for millions of years when modern technology enables you to burn Wood Fuel at the same efficiency levels as Oil or Gas and an amazing 30% higher efficiency than coal and beat all three hands down on CO2 emissions. That’s not a mistake and there is no manipulation of figures or trickery involved. By simply applying the combination of correctly prepared wood fuel and modern wood fuel systems the following applies*:
 
Fuel type
Percentage efficiency
Emissions
(Kg CO2 per kwh)
Wood Logs
70% in simple free-standing stoves

85% + in modern wood fuel systems
0.025
Wood Chips
85% + in modern wood fuel systems
0.025
Wood pellets
90% + in modern wood fuel systems
0.025
Coal
35% in open fire places

60% in central heating systems
0.291
Main Gas
65% in central heating systems

90% in condensing boilers
0.194
Oil
65% in central heating systems

90%+ in condensing boilers
0.265
 
* taken from the Forestry Commissions publication ‘Woodfuel meets the challenge’. Written, co-ordinated and produced by Forest Research, Forestry Commission England / Wales / Scotland and DEFRA.
 
The force needed to split wood varies a lot, so when choosing a log splitter consider the following. It’s not all about price but more about making the job as easy and quick as your budget will allow:
Choosing the right Log Splitter:
Vertical Logs Splitters are usually used for when you can lift the log by hand and put it on the splitter table.  Some of our vertical Log Splitters have an adjustable table height that can also be removed so you can put a tall log up to 100cm high upright.  If it is big diameter the 12-14-18-25 ton models can have a lifting arm to stand the log up.
 
Horizontal Log Splitters are mainly designed for what we call ‘Billeting’, IE take a 100cm log and split it into long ‘Billets’ that you then ‘season’ (dry).  When the Billet is seasoned you can cut them to the Log length you want. Hopefully, with one of our Saw Benches, or Saws and Conveyors.
 
Horizontal Log Splitters can be specially ordered to take a log length the customer wants.  For example the A22OR could be with a 2 or 2.5 meter log length.  Again the Billet can then be cut to Log length on a Saw.  Using this method you can also take large diameter timber and make it into Billets for a Firewood Processor.  For example if the Firewood Processor takes a maximum diameter of 30cm Timber you can use something like an 30 Ton Horizontal Log Splitter with 2 meter Log length to make four 2 meter long Billets that can then be put through the 30cm Firewood Processor.
 
Information we need to offer advice on which Log Splitter is best for you:
  • Is it for commercial or private use?
  • What timber, i.e. hardwood or softwood?
  • What diameter?
  • What length do you usually cut your logs to?
  • Are you interested in Electric, petrol engine, Tractor powered by PTO or tractor powered by the tractor hydraulics?
  • If it is a tractor one what model & horse power is it? If it is electric do you have single phase or 3 phase electric at the place it is being used.
 
To help you decide what size Log Splitter you need use the following as a guide for splitting average / good timber with a single knife into two pieces.  They will of course split bigger diameter timber but this is a general guide that will make sure you are happy with your Log Splitter even if you have bad timber: 
 
5 ton = maximum diameter of 12cm
8 ton = maximum diameter of 20cm.
9 Ton = maximum log diameter of 25cm
11-12 ton = maximum log diameter of 30cm
14 ton = maximum log diameter of 40cm
18 ton = maximum log diameter of 50cm
22 ton = maximum log diameter of 60cm
25 ton = maximum log diameter of 70cm
30 ton = maximum log diameter of 80cm
40 ton = maximum log diameter of 100cm
60 ton = maximum log diameter of 140cm
100 ton = maximum log diameter of 200cm
 
If the timber is very bad with lots of knots and twists or is ‘Seasoned’ then you will need more power for the diameter.  Especially if it is Seasoned Hard wood such as Oak, as this becomes very hard to split. 
 
When a vertical splitter is available with a 4 way knife you should consider the following:
 
1)  The 4 way is for splitting one Log / piece of timber into four equal Logs. 
2)  The timber should be nice and straight with no big knots
3)  The timber should be straight grained and not all twisted.
 
So if the 4 way knife is for a 12 ton machine then the maximum diameter is 30cm, you should not put a larger diameter Log / piece of timber in and split off two small bits and 2 big bits as it might jam and damage the log splitter.

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